Endometriosis is a benign condition in which endometrial glands (cells lining the uterine cavity) are found in extra-uterine locations. It is estimated that 10-20% of all reproductive aged women are affected by this condition that can range from having no symptoms to causing severe debilitating pain. Unfortunately, nothing about endometriosis is simple. This condition usually presents itself with chronic pelvic pain (either constant or intermittent), dyspareunia (pain with sexual intercourse), dysmenorrhea (painful menstrual cramps) and infertility.
The standard test to diagnose this condition is to obtain tissue samples confirming endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity, usually done via laparoscopy. Since this condition is very common, minimally invasive surgery with laparoscopy is often not needed to begin treatment for this condition. Both medical and surgical options are used and often successful in treating endometriosis. Management plans should be based on the patient’s desires and needs with the medical expertise of her gynecologist